Back pain is a very common disease affecting around 30% of the population. WHO estimates that 80% of the world’s population will suffer from back pain, such as low back pain, sooner or later in their life. With a Western society that works more and more in services, and therefore most of the time sitting in front of a computer, the back pain caused by an often unsuitable sitting position has become a real epidemic. In addition, jobs other than office occupations are potentially harmful to the back, such as hairdresser, dentist, mover, etc.
Causes of back pain
A particular cause can not be found for most people with back pain; nevertheless, the most frequent cause is ligament or muscle strains. In case back pain starts all of a sudden, it is primarily an indication of a disc problem, damaged ligament, or muscle tear. A slipped disc takes place when the force on a disc leads it to rupture or bulge, pressing cartilage sideways. As a result, the cartilage pushing on the spinal cord nerve causes intense pain.
Various conditions like osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, fibromyalgia, spinal stenosis, and ankylosing spondylitis can start back pain. In addition, Pregnancy and Obesity can also start back pain.
Some potentially severe causes of back pain do not involve back injury. Such as gallbladder disease, pneumonia, stomach problems (appendicitis, ulcer), kidney infections, spine infections, tumors, or abdominal aortic aneurysms.
What are the symptoms of back pain?
Low back pain can primarily be severe or mild or chronic or periodic. The pain can be aching, deep, throbbing, or stabbing. Whenever a nerve is affected, the pain can emit to different body areas, e.g., foot, ankle, or down the leg.
Pain that is at its worst at the beginning of the day and gets well with stretching and movement indicates muscle injury. On the other hand, if your back pain is unbearable at night and does not get better with exercise, it may be a symptom of back pain due to a bone problem or some other organ.
Pain down the back of the legs is an indication of sciatica. It happens when the sciatic nerve is pressed. Severe pain during sneezing, coughing, or straining can be felt because of sciatica. And you may experience difficulty raising your leg while keeping it straight. A slipped disc is a potential reason for such symptoms.
It is very challenging to find the precise cause of back pain. Therefore, the doctor will mainly inquire regarding your symptoms, like how serious your pain is and what makes it worse or better.
The exact origin of back pain requires a physical examination that includes strength and reflex tests.
If no apparent reason is found, the next step will be Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Computed Tomography (CT), or an x-ray.
How to treat back pain?
Most back pain improves within a month of home treatment. However, we are all different, and back pain is a complex condition. For many, the pain does not go away for a few months, but only a few have severe and persistent pain.
At Dr. Munish Lal Clinic, we teach you different exercises to strengthen your abdominal and back muscles, increase flexibility, and improve posture. Consistent use of these routines stops pain from coming back. In addition, we educate you about modifying your movements throughout an episode of pain in order to avoid extreme pain symptoms while actively continuing your daily activities.
Interventional pain treatments
Few interventional pain treatments use for back pain are as follows:
- Implanted nerve stimulators. In this procedure, the device is implanted under your skin that delivers electric impulses to certain nerves in order to block pain signals.
- Radiofrequency neurotomy. It is a very tricky procedure performed by professionals only. A sharp needle is inserted via your skin, so the tip is close to the part causing pain. Then radio waves are passed from the needle to damage the nearest nerves. This interferes with delivering pain signals to the brain.
- Cortisone injections. If other measures do not relieve your pain and radiate down your leg, your doctor injects a numbing medication plus cortisone into the epidural space. A cortisone injection helps lower inflammation around the nerve roots; however, the pain relief mostly lasts only two months.
Do not wait to begin the conversation for your mobility issues or back pain relief. Dr. Munish Lal will assist you in solving your frequent concerns and help you master how to enhance the health of your spine for optimal wellness. Right at the heart of Torrance, CA, pain care is just a call away.