Vertebral Compression Fracture (Lumbar, Thoracic)

Vertebral compression fractures are a very common clinical event. In America, an average of 4,000 new cases of vertebral fracture of osteoporotic origin has been estimated each year. 

 

DEFINITION

 

A vertebral compression fracture occurs when the vertebrae fracture or collapse, not necessarily due to obvious trauma.

 

CAUSES

 

The vertebrae can fracture or collapse due to the reduction of bone tissue. Primary osteoporosis and menopause are not the only conditions responsible for the decrease in bone tissue. The loss of bone mass, which carries a greater risk of fractures of this type, is also caused by concomitant diseases, such as hyperthyroidism, benign and malignant tumors, including chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatments.

 

SYMPTOMS

 

Back pain signals that there are problems. Painful symptoms, whether sudden or deaf and chronic, can, in fact, indicate that a vertebral fracture has occurred. If you have persistent pain for several days, it is a good idea to go to your doctor to determine the causes and decide which treatments to take.

It is also important that the healthcare professional of reference carries out periodic checks of the height and posture of their patient. This is because vertebral fractures can, in fact, cause the collapse of the vertebrae and, consequently, a decrease in stature.

Multiple vertebral fractures can also alter posture or cause the so-called “widow’s hump.” If this condition occurs and your stature decreases, you should contact your doctor.

 

RISK FACTORS FOR VERTEBRAL COMPRESSION FRACTURE

 

Unfortunately, a vertebral fracture increases the likelihood of further fractures occurring in the vertebrae adjacent to the one already fractured. Over time, multiple fractures can alter the alignment of the spine, making it more convex (“widow’s hump”).

This convex curvature can become so pronounced that it compromises the patient’s balance and compresses the chest cavity, making breathing difficult and causing loss of appetite and insomnia. Age, gender, and lifestyle are other risk factors.

 

DIAGNOSIS

 

It is advisable to promptly report the onset of unusual back pain to your doctor. In fact, early diagnosis offers more treatment options. Through the physical examination and the execution of instrumental diagnostic tests, such as radiography, it is possible to detect the presence of a vertebral compression fracture.

 

VERTEBRAL COMPRESSION FRACTURE TREATMENT OPTIONS

 

Bed rest and medications can relieve pain, but they are not enough to repair a spinal fracture. If the vertebral fracture is due to osteoporosis, malignant or benign tumors, the patient has innovative treatment options to consider.

 

CONSERVATIVE CARE

 

Traditional treatment of back pain and/or vertebral fractures involves several days of bed rest, pain relievers, and rarely wearing a brace. Conservative care relieves pain but cannot repair a fractured bone.

 

BALLOON KYPHOPLASTY

 

When a patient presents with a fractured bone, treatment aims to stabilize the fracture and return the bone to its correct anatomical position. 

Balloon kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive procedure that repairs fractured vertebrae and relieves associated pain. This surgery is so-called because it involves using an orthopedic balloon to lift the fractured bone in an attempt to bring it back to its correct anatomical position.

 

SPINAL FUSION SURGERY

 

Spinal fusion is a surgical procedure used to treat degenerative conditions of the spine. Using bone grafts and tools, such as metal plates and screws, this procedure allows you to fuse or bond between two or more adjacent vertebrae. This surgery aims to stabilize the spine and relieve pain.

Combining over 18 years of experience, Dr. Munish Lal specializes in minimally invasive techniques to treat Vertebral compression fracture that includes intervention procedures, spinal cord stimulation, and a comprehensive array of traditional pain management services.

His expertise ranges from diagnosing complicated and rare cases to pinpointing the source of back, neck, and other chronic pain conditions. He is a leading practitioner of state-of-the-art techniques. Call now to book your appointment!

 

CALL 424-360-0155